“Core” & “Non-Core” Vaccines
Guidelines published by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) classify vaccines as core, non-core and not recommended. Core vaccines are those that the AAHA and most veterinarians believe all dogs should receive. Non-Core vaccines are those recommended only for certain dogs based upon a number of factors including geographic location and lifestyle. Not recommended vaccines are those considered “overkill” by many veterinarians.
Core Canine Vaccines
Core canine vaccines are widely accepted within the veterinary community as being important to the overall health and wellbeing of the domestic dog.
The core vaccines that we advise are:
• Rabies– NH and MA state law (along with many other states) now require that all cats and dogs be current on rabies vaccinations.
• Canine Distemper
Typically, a combination vaccine against distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and parainfluenza will be administered at 7-8 weeks, followed by boosters at 11-12 weeks, and again at 16 weeks. Rabies vaccinations are given separately between 4-9 months, followed by a booster 1 year later and every 3 years following.
Non-Core Canine Vaccines
Non-Core canine vaccines are recommended for certain dogs, but are not considered necessary for all.
The non-core vaccines we advise are:
• Lyme Vaccine– The Northeast region is one of the two densest areas of lyme disease-bearing ticks in the United States. New Hampshire, in particular Rockingham, Strafford, Hillsborough, Merrimack and Carroll Counties are all hotbeds for the transmission of the disease. This is why we recommend this particular vaccine for all dogs in the area.
• Bordetella Bronchiseptica– This vaccine helps to control kennel cough and other bacterial respiratory illnesses. This vaccine is recommended for show dogs, dogs that are in contact with many other dogs, and those being boarded (reputable kennels will require proof of this vaccination to prevent the spread of the infection to other dogs in their care).
• Leptospirosis– This vaccine is recommended for dogs who travel to warmer climates where the infection is more prevalent. Leptospirosis infection has been on the rise, however, throughout the United States.
Additional vaccines which can be administered include: